Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds made up solely of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) atoms. They are the building blocks of many other organic molecules and play a crucial role in various fields, including fuels, plastics, and pharmaceuticals.

Hydrocarbon - Overview

➡️ Hydrocarbons are organic compounds made up only of carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) atoms.

➡️ They are the main constituents of petroleum and natural gas.

➡️ They serve as fuels, lubricants, and raw materials for various products like plastics, fibers, rubbers, solvents, and explosives.

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Types of Hydrocarbons:

➭ Alkanes:

Saturated hydrocarbons (only single C-C bonds).

General formula: CnH2n+2 (n = number of carbon atoms).

Examples: methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8).

Properties: unreactive, low boiling points, good fuels.

➭ Alkenes:

Unsaturated hydrocarbons (at least one C=C double bond).

General formula: CnH2n (n = number of carbon atoms).

Examples: ethylene (C2H4), propylene (C3H6).

Properties: more reactive than alkanes, undergo addition reactions.

➭ Alkynes:

Unsaturated hydrocarbons (at least one C≡C triple bond).

General formula: CnH2n-2 (n = number of carbon atoms).

Examples: acetylene (C2H2), propyne (C3H4).

Properties: even more reactive than alkenes, readily undergo addition reactions.

➭ Aromatic Hydrocarbons:

Characterized by a special ring structure called benzene ring.

Examples: benzene (C6H6), toluene (C7H8).

Properties: relatively stable due to their unique electron structure.

Hydrocarbon -  Handwritten Short Notes

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚

Hydrocarbon - Chemistry Short Notes 📚