Caring for Trees
Water is the most crucial factor in the growth of a newly planted tree. The tree should be watered thoroughly every time signs of wilt are exhibited. At first, this may be as often as twice a week. Then watering should be extended to once a week until the tree becomes acclimated to the site.
Mulch should be maintained for the first three years. cover the soil with 3-4" of mulch made of bark, woodchips, compost or pine needles. Do not use fresh grass clippings or pile the material next to the base of the tree.
Staking of trees should only be done to maintain a tree in an upright position and to prevent roots from losing contact with the soil. Stakes should be made of wood or steel, strong enough to support the tree. Trees should be fastened to the stake with rubber or plastic ties designed for that purpose. Stakes should be removed as soon as the tree becomes anchored to allow proper trunk development.
Fertilize trees with a 3-1-1 ratio containing a slow release nonburning form of nitrogen. Apply according to manufacturer's instructions. Do not put fertilizer into the planting hole.
Avoid damage to tree trunks with mowers and string trimmers. This type of injury bruises or lacerates the translocating tubes just beneath the bark, causing the flow of nutrients, water and minerals to be disrupted. The tree will become weakened and be more susceptible to disease and insects.
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Copyright © 1999-2001 Vestavia Hills Tree Commission.
All rights reserved.
Revised February 20, 2001