Planting a Tree
For balled and burlapped trees: Leave the burlap intact, but cut twine or ties.
Remove all wire baskets. For a tree in a container: Important--do
not remove tree from container until you are ready to place in the planting hole and
backfill. Tree hair roots dry out instantly when in contact with air.
Dig a hole 2 to 5 times wider than the root ball. In the bottom and center of the
hole, leave a planting base of undisturbed soil. The planting base provides a higher
planting level and an aid for drainage in heavy clay soils. When the hole is ready,
remove tree from the container by cutting the sides with a shovel or other sharp
instrument. Remove gently.
Set the tree into the hole and on the planting base of undisturbed soil. Hold the
tree while gently backfilling around the root ball. Any large clods should be broken
up before backfilling. Never apply fertilizer into the hole
at planting time. Fertilizer will burn tender roots.
- Remove any grass or weeds within a 6' diameter circle around the tree. With excess
soil, build a ring 6-8" in height around the tree to create a watering saucer and
protect from mower damage. Cover with 3-4" mulch made up of bark, woodchips,
compost, pine needles, etc. Do not use fresh grass clippings.
Water the tree with a slow stream to remove any air spaces in the planting hole.
Continue watering until all soil has settled and air space is filled.
After watering, add mulch to compensate for any settling. If
necessary, stake with steel or wood posts, using rubber or plastic ties designed to secure